Due to the diversity of geography, climate, building materials, customs and community lifestyles, each of Georgia's eleven regions has a different housing architecture. There are three main types of traditional houses in Georgia: traditional styles in eastern Georgia, western Georgia (except the mountainous regions of Svaneti and Rasha) and mountains. These traditional houses can be found everywhere, in the Kakhetie plains, in the middle of the vineyards, at the foot of the Caucasus, in the mountainous and semi-mountainous regions... absolutely everywhere. Of course, these traditional houses are to be renovated, but it will only take 3.4.5 tens of thousands of euros to turn them into modern houses while rediscovering all the charm of these old houses, solid, reliable and with a lot of character, all planted in these regions still authentically preserved in Georgia. Many of these little jewels are for sale, often for a pottage of lentils, surrounded by several thousand square meters of land, these traditional houses are to be renovated Of course, but it will only take 3.4.5 tens of thousands of euros to make them modern houses while preserving all the charm of these old solid, reliable and characterful houses, all planted in these regions still authentically preserved in Georgia.
Until the early 20th century, the darbazi house was the most common type of settlement in eastern and southern Georgia, although it was widespread in Aegean civilization, in the South Caucasus and in Asia Minor. This megaron structure has a corridor, a fireplace in the middle of the house, and a roof with a central hole for ventilation of light and smoke. The darbazi was generally deeply dug in the ground, with just its facade visible from the outside and only one entrance. And since the roof was built in the ground, people spent most of the day outside on the roof.
Darbazi is considered to be the prototype of Colchian housing, which was found in the first Bronze Age settlements of the Kura-Arax culture. The Roman architect Vitruvius described the Colchian dwelling as having a wooden domed roof, stone walls and wooden columns. These columns are the most important part of the building, not only in terms of construction but also for context and decoration. Therefore, they are called "deda bodzi", which means "mother pillar". The meaning of the main pillars is underlined by the astral drawings engraved on them.
The Darbazi houses in eastern and southern Georgia differ from each other. The oriental style has a common and undivided space where several generations live together. The southern style is a complex, with a variety of living spaces and agricultural facilities (stable, barn, hallway, bakery, etc.) under one roof. The main living space is also a room with a crowned ceiling.
Western Georgian dwellings are distinct in that they begin at the entrance, fence and courtyard. In addition to the house, they include other premises such as farm buildings, auxiliary buildings and structures (attic, barn, stable, henhouse), mill, well, etc. Among the many types of fences and doors in Georgia, the most interesting are covered doors, which protect guests in wet weather. This minor architectural solution shows Georgian hospitality to the guests. In keeping with tradition, guests take off their hats once they walk through the door, as a sign of respect.
In western Georgia, the court is divided into two parts. The front yard is called a "clean yard". A large, clean and well-maintained yard is a source of great pride. The courtyard behind the house is called a "black courtyard", with space for farm buildings and vegetable gardens.
The western dwelling is called oda, which reached its peak in the 13th and 14th centuries. Before construction, the homeowner chooses the best orientation and view of the balcony. Georgians spent most of the day on the balcony, and in good weather, they even slept there at night. Spacious balconies and large windows on all sides reflect the desire to be in contact with nature. You can see the profusion of these balconies on the traditional houses in Tbilisi
Due to the humidity and heavy rains caused by the proximity of the Black Sea, oda houses were raised from the ground with wooden or stone stilts. From a construction point of view, the uniqueness of the house is that it is easily transformed. They have always been considered as "movable property" since they can easily be dismantled, moved and rebuilt.